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Welcome to PARMA
an extra service of European City Guide / ECG
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Information about PARMA Parma was a Roman colony on the Via Emilia founded by the consul Marcus Emilius Lepidus in 183 BC. In became a rich comune in the Middle Ages and over the centuries it was ruled by the Viscontis, the Sforzas, the French and the Pope. Finally, it was made into a duchy by Pope Paul III in 1545 and given to his son Pier Luigi Farnese. The Farnese family reigned in Parma for almost two hundred years, where they left traces of their grandeur. The town was inherited by the Bourbons in the early 18th century, who gave its court and social life a typically French flavor. After the Napoleonic rule, which lasted from 1802 to 1814, it was decided at the Congress of Vienna that Parma should go to Napoleon's wife, Marie Louise, daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria. When she died in 1874, the duchy returned to the Bourbons until 1860 when it became part of the Italian Kingdom by plebiscite. City of exquisite characteristics, Parma boasts a fine Romanesque cathedral and baptistry, and an opera house with strong connections with Verdi, who lived locally. The Parmigiani are vibrant, passionate people appreciative of life's diverse pleasures, and of the effort and attention required to achieve the very best. And this - the spirit of Parma, is evident in the city's extraordinary artistic, cultural and gastronomic.
 
Available Trades in PARMA AGRICULTURE - LIVESTOCK - PISCICULTURE & FORESTRY SERVICES
ART - ANTIQUES & HANDICRAFTS
AUDIO-VIDEO - ELECTRONIC & HOUSEHOLD APLLIANCES
BANKING - FINANCING & INSURANCE
BARS - RESTAURANTS - CAFES - CLUBS & CATERING
CLOTHING - TEXTILES & ACCESSORIES
EDUCATION & TRAINING
FREIGHT TRANSPORT - STORAGE & PACKAGING
HEALTH & BEAUTY
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION - MANUFACTURING & SUPPLIERS
LEGAL SERVICES
MEDICINE & MEDICAL SERVICES
MINES & MILLS
MOTORING
PETS & VETERINARIANS
PUBLISHING & PRINTING
SERVICES & AGENCIES
SPORTS & OUTDOOR PURSUITS
TRADE PROFESSIONALS & CRAFTSMENT
 


ITALIA

General Information
Capital: Rome
Area: 301,230 km2
Population: 60,157,214 (April 2009).
Electricity: 230 volts AC, 50Hz
IDD: +39
Emergency number: 112/113
Timezone: +1 Hr (+2 Hrs MAR-OCT)

Language
Language: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region), French (minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area).

Government
Government: Republic

Religion
Religion: 90% Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim

Health
Health: The following vaccinations are recommended: Tetanus.

Currency
Currency: Euro (EUR) 1.00 = 100 Cents

Exchange Rate
Exchange Rate: All 100.00 USD = 66.8534 EUR GBP = 110.480 EUR CHF = 66.1543 EUR

Business Hours
Business Hours: Mon-Fri: 09.00-17.00

Speed Limit
Speed Limit: Cities: 50 km/h, Country roads: 90/110 km/h, Motorways: 130 km/h

Traffic
Traffic: Traffic drives on the right. Minimum age 18 years.

Driving License
Driving License: EU pink format licences are valid in Italy but old-style green licences (without photos) must be accompanied by an International Driving Permit.

National Holidays
National holidays: Jan 1 New Year"s Day, Jan 6 Epiphany, Easter Monday (variable), Apr 25 Liberation Day, May 1 Labor Day, Aug 15 Assumption Day, Nov 1 All Saints" Day, Dec 8 Feast of the Immaculate Conception, Dec 25/26 Christmas Day/St. Stephen"s Day

Climate
Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Temperatures
 
Temperatures:
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
A781114182225252116129
P7162575146371521639912993
S44678911108644
A=Aver. Daily Temp. (°C)
P=Precipitation (mm)
S=Sunshine (Hrs/Month)

Mobile Network
Mobile Network: GSM 900 / 1800/ 3G 2100 & HSPA

GPS
GPS: 41 54 N, 12 29 E

Shopping Hours
Shopping Hours: Mon-Sat: 08.30-12.30 and 15.30-19.30. Food shops are often closed Wednesday afternoon.


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